Elastic Constant Measurements of Polycrystalline Infrared Window Materials
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS HANSCOM AFB MA
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In this work elastic constants of some infrared window materials were calculated from ultrasonic measurements using a pulse overlap technique. Velocity measurements were determined in various directions in CVD zinc selenide and in hot forged KCl alloy windows. These measurements permitted the determination of Youngs Modulus, the shear modulus, the bulk modulus, and Poissons ratio. Some anistropy was found in the elastic properties of these fabricated or as-grown infrared windows. For example, in the case of the chemically vapor deposited ZnSe which exhibits a small amount of elastic anistropy, the elastic properties were found to be isotropic in all directions normal to the growth direction. The modulus values observed for directions in the plane of the zinc selenide window were found to change by approximately two percent when measured in directions parallel to the plate growth direction. The experimental results obtained were, in some cases, compared with various calculation approximations which yield polycrystalline elasticity parameters from single crystal data.
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