Proximity: Location, Time, and Opportunity to Communicate.
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIV SAN JOSE DEPT OF SPEECH-COMMUNICATION
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Traditional measures of proximity all share three common weaknesses 1 they are based upon ratio-level measurement of physical distance that may not correspond to psychological distance, 2 they measure distance as a fixed rather than a variable quantity, and 3 they measure distance between pairs of individuals rather than larger groups of people. A conceptualization of proximity which attempts to deal with these problems for use in large organizations is developed. Proximity is defined as the probability of people being in the same location at the same point in time, creating an opportunity for face-to-face communication made possible by time and space. A computer program, PROXVAL, is described. Two studies, which report attempts at testing the procedure, are reported.
- Sociology and Law