Double-Diffusive Convective Instability in a Horizontal Fluid Layer.
COLORADO STATE UNIV FORT COLLINS DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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The convective stability of a horizontal layer of water with salt and heat addition from below was studied experimentally. The layer was bounded above and below by porous metal plates through which both heat and salt could diffuse. A well-mixed region of warm, salty water below the lower plate and another of cooler, fresher water above the upper plate set the temperature and concentration differences for the intervening quiescent layer. With a fixed, constant concentration gradient established between the plates the temperature difference was slowly increased until convective motions were observed. The stability boundary for this system lies within the unstable region predicted by linear theory for a horizontal layer with constant gradients and stress-free boundaries and approaches the linear boundary at high Rayleigh numbers.
- Fluid Mechanics