Brillouin - Rayleigh Scattering Studies of Polypropylene Glycol. II.
UTAH UNIV SALT LAKE CITY DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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A comprehensive Brillouin scattering experimental study of polypropylene glycol PPG, average molecular weight of 1025, 2025 and 4000, has been carried out. The hypersonic velocity, attenuation coefficient, the modulus of elasticity and the Landau-Placzek ratio have been obtained as a function of temperature for each polymer. The PPG 425 data reported earlier are also included for comparison. For all the quantities measured, only the Landau-Placzek ratio below ambient temperature is molecular weight dependent, the hypersonic velocity, attenuation coefficient and elastic modulus are found to be independent of molecular weight in the present 425-4000 weight range. The differences in the Landau-Placzek ratio between the different polymers are attributed to different degree of frozen-in density fluctuations due to the difference in the mediums vicosity the mechanism of structural relaxation is not sufficient to explain the increase of the Landau-Placzek ratio of each polymer below ambient temperature. The present results on the sound velocity and attenuation can be satisfactorily fit to a theory developed by Isakovich and Chaban, who have modeled the highly viscous liquid as a microinhomogeneous medium.
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy