Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory.
YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CONN DEPT OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
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A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focusses on the interaction among three classes of variables a The psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motivated work behavior to develop b the characteristics of jobs that can create these psychological states and c the attributes of individuals that determine how positively a person will respond to a complex and challenging job. The model was tested for 658 employees who work on 62 different jobs in seven organizations. A number of special features of the model are discussed including its use as a basis for the diagnosis of jobs and the evaluation of job redesign projects, and the model is compared to other theories of job design.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations