The Integration of Spain into Europe and Its Effect on American Military Presence in Spain.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CALIF
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Beginning with the Pact of Madrid in 1953 and continuing with the Agreement for Mutual Cooperation in 1970, Spain and the U.S. moved to a bilateral mutually beneficial relationship. The basic exchange has been American military and economic aid in return for Spanish permission to maintain American forces at four bases in Spain. While the U.S. retains a strong influence on Spanish foreign policy, there are increasingly important relationships between Spain and Europe and with the Arab World. These latter two relationships, and in particular the European link have caused Spain to begin to shift some of its present dependence from the U.S. to Europe in order to better realize its goals, i.e. economic prosperity, international equality, security, stability, the accession of Gibraltar, and protection of its place in the Sahara. Therefore, even if the U.S. seeks to maintain its military presence in Spain, the Franco or post-Franco government will promote the integration of Spain into Europe. This will probably mean decreased American influence on Spanish policy and an uncertain prospect for American bases in Spain.
- Government and Political Science