A Review of the Toxicology of Colored Chemical Smokes and Colored Smoke Dyes
EDGEWOOD ARSENAL ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The report is a review of the inhalation total-body-exposure studies performed by this laboratory during 1966 with the M18 series of colored smokes. The acute toxicities of the smokes, the times to death, and the gross signs are compared. A literature survey and toxicological evaluation of the various dyes in the violet, green, and red smoke mixtures are included. Studies necessary for definition of the hazards incident to the use of the dye components in manufacturing and military operations as well as knowledge gaps are described. The dyes used in chemical smokes are 1- methylaminoanthraquinone dibenzo b,def chrysens-7, 14-dione 7H-benz de anthracene-7-one and 1,4-di-p-toluidinoanthraquinone.