Perceptual Differences Among Consonants.
OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS
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The report is a summary of a series of studies that relate to the scaling of the relative similarities-dissimilarities among pairs of syllables that differ in the initial consonants or consonantal clusters. Sixty manners of commencing syllables were assessed. The measures of similarity-dissimilarity were obtained from panels of judges who followed the procedures of magnitude estimation. The panels responded to 576 pairs of consonant-vowel syllables, to these consonants as the first sounds of viewed words, to 3600 pairs of consonantsconsonantal cluster-vowel syllables, and to these syllables reproduced backward. The judgments of individual listeners were tested for reliability by analysis of variance.