Attempt to Induce Cataracts in Rabbits by Cutaneous Application of Acetone.
Technical rept. Jun 71-Sep 72,
EDGEWOOD ARSENAL ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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Acetone has been used in the laboratory as a solvent for chemicals in skin sensitization studies. Its low cost, high solvent powers, and comparative lack of toxicity make it one of the most widely used industrial solvents. Absorption of acetone through the skin is not considered hazardous however, in an earlier study the authors found that acetone caused cataracts in a large group of guinea pigs when small multiple doses were administered either topically or intracutaneously on the backs of these animals. No cataracts were found when two rabbits were tested. The purpose of the present study is to repeat the earlier study using more rabbits. Here, none of the 10 experimental rabbits or the 10 control rabbits developed any lens abnormalities. Those drugs and toxic substances that have produced cataracts in rabbits are described. Author