Some Effects of Alcohol on Various Aspects of Oculomotor Control.
NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL
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Recent studies have shown that alcohol interferes with visual control of vestibular nystagmus. The present study was designed to assess three partially independent systems of oculomotor control. Performance on three Tasks was measured before and after mild alcohol dosage. One task involved visual suppression of vestibular nystagmus a second involved smooth oculomotor tracking of a moving target and a third required repetitive rapid voluntary shifts in gaze. Oculomotor control was degraded on the first two tasks with recovery toward the initial performance level 4 hours after drinking. Performance on the third task was not obviously degraded, although it is possible that improvement with practice was retarded. Results are discussed in terms of neurological systems involved and kinds of flight tasks potentially affected. Author
- Anatomy and Physiology