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Analytic Case Study Using Unsupervised Event Detection in Multivariate Time Series
[Technical Report, Master's Thesis]
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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Analysis of cyber-physical systems CPS has emerged as a critical domain for providing US Air Force and Space Force leadership decision advantage in air, space, and cyberspace. Legacy methods have been outpaced by evolving battlespaces and global peer-level challengers. Automation provides one way to decrease the time that analysis currently takes. This thesis presents an event detection automation system EDAS which utilizes deep learning models, distance metrics, and static thresholding to detect events. The EDAS automation is evaluated with case study of CPS domain experts in two parts. Part 1 uses the current methods for CPS analysis with a qualitative pre-survey and tasks participants, in their natural setting to annotate events. Part 2 asks participants to perform annotation with the assistance of EDASs pre-annotations. Results from Part 1 and Part 2 exhibit low inter-coder agreement for both human-derived and automation-assisted event annotations. Qualitative analysis of survey results showed low trust and confidence in the event detection automation. One correlation or interpretation to the low confidence is that the low inter-coder agreement means that the humans do not share the same idea of what an annotation product should be.
[A, Approved For Public Release]