DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Overcoming CRPC Treatment Resistance via Novel Dual AKR1C3 Targeting
[Technical Report, Annual Report]
CALIFORNIA UNIV DAVIS
Pagination or Media Count:
Enzalutamide Enza and abiraterone Abi were approved for the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer mCRPC patients. Resistance to Enza and Abi occurs frequently and renders mCRPC patients incurable. Therefore, there is great unmet medical need to identify resistant mechanisms to improve the treatment outcome of mCRPC. We have shown that overexpression of AKR1C3 is responsible for the elevated intracrine androgen biosynthesis in prostate cancer cells. Up-regulation of AKR1C3 is correlated with antiandrogen resistance. We therefore sought to knock down AKR1C3 with specific siRNAshRNA and small molecule drug to confirm its role in androgen synthesis and drug resistance. We used siRNA, shRNA specific to AKR1C3 and a small molecule inhibitor Indomethacin to target AKR1C3.At cellular level, we demonstrated that knockdown AKR1C3 may 1. Restore sensitivity to antiandrogen drugs such as enzalutamide and abiraterone. 2. Reduce AR-V7 level. 3. Inhibit AR transactivation activity. 4. Abate intratumoral androgen synthesis. Using Indocin to targetAKR1C3 in vivo is efficient in reducing tumor sizes and further successful in blocking tumor growth when combined with either enzalutamide or abiraterone. Reduction of AR-V7 via AKR1C3knockdown may also involves the regulation of hnRNAP1, the enzyme responsible for RNA splicing. Our results confirmed that blocking AKR1C3 restores drug sensitivity of CRPC or drug resistant cells to anti-androgen treatments. AKR1C3AR-V7 axis also confers cross resistance to apalutamide and darolutamide. Targeting AKR1C3 with Indomethacin in combination with anti-androgens such as enzalutamide shows great potential in advanced prostate cancer treatment.
[A, Approved For Public Release]