Accession Number:



Batteries and Energy Storage: Federal Initiatives Supported Similar Technologies and Goals but Had Key Differences

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Congressional Report]

Corporate Author:

United States Government Accountability Office

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



GAO identified 39 battery and energy storage initiatives with a variety of key characteristics that were implemented across six agencies the Departments of Energy DOE and Defense DOD, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA, the National Science Foundation NSF, the Environmental Protection Agency EPA, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST. These initiatives obligated over 1.3 billion from fiscal years 2009 through 2012. Initiatives supported a variety of technologies, uses, advancement activities, and goals. Several types of recipients were eligible for funding, such as private industry, universities, and federal labs, through contracts, grants, and other mechanisms.

Subject Categories:

  • Electrochemical Energy Storage
  • Electric Power Production and Distribution

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]