Accession Number:



Illegal Marijuana: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of State and Local Eradication Efforts

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Congressional Report]

Corporate Author:

United States Government Accountability Office

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



Marijuana is generally illegal under federal law. Nonetheless, an increasing number of states have legalized medical or recreational marijuana under state law. However, in these states, some marijuana-related activity may still be illegal under state law. Since 1981, DEAs DCESP hasprovided financial support to participating state and local agencies for their efforts to eradicate illegal marijuana. GAO was asked to review DEAs DCESP. This report examines 1 DCESP funding and expenditures in recent years, 2 how DEA ensures that participating agencies expend funds in accordance with program requirements, and 3 how DEA uses performance assessment to help manage DCESP. GAO analyzed DCESP guidance, and expenditure and performance information from 2015 through fiscal year 2017, and evaluated DEAs oversight and performance management efforts against internal control standards. GAO also interviewed officials from DEA, the U.S. Forest Service, andparticipating agencies in six states, which GAO selected to include varying levels of DCESP funding and numbers of marijuana grow sites eradicated in recent years. GAO is making four recommendations, including that DEA develop a plan to ensure the collection of consistentdocumentation of expenditures, clarify its guidance for reporting program activities, document all of its program goals, and develop performance measures. DEA concurred with the recommendations.


Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Administration and Management

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]