Accession Number:



Operational Understanding of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Monograph]

Corporate Author:

US Army School for Advanced Military Studies

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



This monograph pursues a determination of how the US Army can create a shared operational understanding of positioning navigation and timing. Planners, analysts, and strategists must understand how to implement space enablers and capabilities to address challenges in a contested operational environment. Most importantly this monograph seeks to answer the question of how the US Army will mitigate the adverse effects of positioning navigation and timing PNT during future multi-domain operations. Space enablers are paramount to successfully bridging the space operations gap at the BCT level in order to address near-pear threats during PNT warfare. Understanding how the US Army will conduct operations during MDO against near peer adversaries is vital to future mission planning that will allow the US Army to address operational challenges and maintain operational dominance during multi-domain operations. The monograph will provide background information that identifies the current problem the US Army faces with GPS in a denied, degraded, and disrupted space operational environment D3SOE, current literature that is applicable to PNT, and analyzes current PNT capabilities and limitations. Finally, it concludes with recommendations on how the US Army must recognize the future implications of MDO and identify vulnerabilities that will impede any execution of future US Army operations.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Navigation and Guidance
  • Astronautics

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]