Accession Number:



Operating in Contested Littorals: Israel, 1967 to 1973

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Monograph]

Corporate Author:

U.S. Army School for Advanced Military Studies

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



In 2019, the US Marine Corps published planning guidance that identified contested littorals as a future focal point for the service and the development of concepts and integration with the joint force. The shift away from large-scale joint forcible entry with sustained operations inland and towards flexible force employment in contested littorals requires a reexamination of history for examples of maritime operations in similar operating environments. The experiences of Israel between 1967 and 1973, including the War of Attrition and the 1973 War, offer insight into successful and sustained operations within maritime A2AD environments. The War of Attrition case study provides context to operating within contested littorals during limited or low-intensity conflict. The case of the 1973 War allows an examination of maritime operations in contested environments during large-scale conflict. Both case studies supply the modern US Marine Corps with a valuable historical perspective for the successful penetration of A2AD systems in the pursuit of establishing operational access.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]