Surveillance of Substance Abuse and Dependence: U.S. Army Soldiers, January 2016-December 2019
[Technical Report, Final Report]
ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The Division of Behavioral and Social Health Outcomes Practice BSHOP estimated the prevalence and incidence of substance abuse and dependence among U.S Active Component AC Army Soldiers during 20162019. From 2016 to 2019, 38,162 Active Component Soldiers accounted for 672,236 medical encounters for substance abuse or dependence 85 n32,262 had their first encounter for substance abuse and dependence over the 4-year period. From 2016 to 2019, 319,813 Soldiers were prescribed opioids, and 8 of these individuals n24,928 had a high-dose prescription. In 2016, 7 n43,217 of Soldiers who completed the AUDIT-C screened positive for hazardous drinking. Findings from this report will inform Army leadership about the prevalence of substance abuse and dependence among Soldiers and statistically significant trends over the 4-year period. Moreover, these data provide an opportunity to report the true burden of substance abuse and dependence and provide insights into opioid-prescribing patterns within the Army.
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