Accession Number:

AD1159710

Title:

Influences of Coalition Construction

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Monograph]

Corporate Author:

US Army School for Advanced Military Studies

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2020-05-21

Pagination or Media Count:

57

Abstract:

The US military uses construction as a means to build relationships with multi-national partners. United States-led coalitions execute massive construction projects that enable strategy, extend influence, shape operations, and facilitate tactical actions. Infrastructure development builds host nation capacity, meet political objectives, and enable military operations. Infrastructure provides access, basing, and lines of communication, essential factors in planning operations. Construction supports operational design by enabling the movement and maneuver of forces in a theater of operations. Contingency construction, military engineering, and contracted construction play a vital role in warfare by enabling the commander to execute the desired course of action by shaping the physical environment and setting conditions. This monograph uses a case study analysis focusing on the influence of construction in large-scale ground combat operations on creating coalitions, building partners, and military operations. The case studies are the construction of the Ledo Road in the China-Burma-India CBI Theater of World War II and the construction efforts during Operation Desert Shield of the 1990-1991 Gulf Conflict. Each case study discusses the theater strategy, construction challenges, and operational level impacts. Built into the discussion is how construction addresses challenges of geography and helps create a cooperative environment leading to coalition building. As the US Army transitions to large-scale ground combat operations, by comparing the case studies and considering the future, this monograph explores the role of construction and coalitions in enabling operational art.

Descriptors:

Subject Categories:

  • Civil Engineering
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Humanities and History

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]