Neuroenhancement in Military Personnel: Conceptual and Methodological Promises and Challenge
[Technical Report, Special Report]
SOLDIER CENTER NATICK MAOffice of Naval ResearchAIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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Military personnel are subjected to prolonged operations in harsh and undesirable conditions characterized by severe environmental exposures, resource scarcity, and physical and mental encumbrance. Prolonged military operations under these conditions can degrade the already limited perceptual, cognitive, and emotional resources necessary to sustain performance on mission-related tasks. The complex multi-domain operations of the future battlespace are expected to further increase demands at even the lowest levels of the military echelon. These demands will be characterized with increasingly prolonged operations of small units in austere environments with limited resupply and degraded technological capabilities. It is therefore critical to identify new training and technological approaches to enable sustained, optimized, andor enhanced performance of military personnel. Research in the international defense science community, academia, and industry has developed several promising neuroscientific strategies for pursuing this goal, including neuromodulatory and neurofeedback techniques. The present paper reviews the state of the art in cognitive neuroenhancement research and development from six participating nations Canada, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, and the United States of America.
- Medicine and Medical Research