Accession Number:

AD1159155

Title:

Development of Toxicity Reference Values (TRVs) for Birds Exposed to PFOS, PFOA and Associated Mixtures of Fluorinated Compounds

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Final Report]

Corporate Author:

MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLISMICHIGAN STATE UNIV EAST LANSING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2021-08-05

Pagination or Media Count:

128

Abstract:

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances PFAS are ubiquitous contaminants in the environment. They were used extensively in the formulation ofaqueous film forming foams AFFF. The Department of Defense used these AFFF formulations since approximately 1970 for fire-training andemergency response. Two manufacturing techniques for PFAS produced varying individual components. The 3M company produced PFAS, andsubsequently AFFF, using electrochemical fluorination while Ansul produced AFFF using DuPonts fluorotelomer based PFAS. Due to their use andstorage, release of these chemicals to the environment is significant. In the environment, exposure to PFAS from wildlife is probable in areascontaminated with AFFF. However, to date, there are few studies that have examined the effects of PFAS in avian species that provide datameeting the criteria for development of toxicity reference values TRVs used to evaluate environmental risks posed by AFFF use.

Descriptors:

Subject Categories:

  • Toxicology
  • Biology
  • ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]