Accession Number:



1s and 0s, a Part of War's Equation

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Monograph]

Corporate Author:

US Army School for Advanced Military Studies

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



In 1965 two researchers connected computers over telephone lines, giving birth to the internet and ultimately cyberspace. Since its conception cyberspace has become fundamental to the American way of life and has progressively asserted itself into warfare. This reliance on cyberspace in everyday life and military technology provides opportunities for exploitation. Adversaries, such as Russia, play an active role in the development of cyber warfare theories and their application in conflicts around the world. The US military struggles to integrate cyber warfare into conventional military operations while Russia employs it within its information warfare branch. The rapidity of change within cyberspace requires that the US military develop and employ cyber warfare within its doctrine, or risk losing its asymmetric advantage over adversaries. This monograph focuses on this problem by analyzing incidents of cyber warfare and contributing factors. Because computers are becoming an increasingly important part of everyday life, they will achieve an increasing role in warfare moving forward. The analyzed cases demonstrate the evolution of cyber warfare and its increasing integration into military operations. The ability to look at historical cases, identify the forward evolutional trends, and adopt them is critical to maintaining relevancy and advantage in the world.


Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Information Science
  • Computer Systems Management and Standards

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]