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The Effect of Self-Monitoring and the Big Five Personality Traits on Social Relationships Development: A Mixed Methods Case Study of Officer and Enlisted Intelligence Marines in Career-Level Training

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Doctoral Thesis]

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This mixed methods comparative case study examined the effects of the Big Five personality traits and facets, and acquisitive and protective self-monitoring constructs, on the development of social relationships in two classes of Marine Corps officer and enlisted personnel attending career-level intelligence training. The most significant finding to extant Big Five and self-monitoring network research is that understanding participants network of relationships and how they make sense of and approach social situations is critical when assessing and explaining personalitys effect on relationship development. The findings illustrate that both preexisting and other relationships between participants can have an outsized role in developing additional relationships, which, in turn, can limit personalitys relevance to relationship development. Personality was found to be less relevant in developing relationships in the case when there was considerable familiarity between participants and most relevant in the case when there was little familiarity. However, how actors make sense of situations and relationships also influences relationship development, and impacts which characteristics, such as personality, they seek in alters. Other contributions to extant research include the effects of the Big Five traits and facets and self-monitoring constructs on the development of both positive and negative relationships.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]