Accession Number:



Human Trafficking: Agencies Have Taken Steps to Strengthen International Anti-trafficking Projects

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Congressional Report]

Corporate Author:

United States Government Accountability Office

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



Human trafficking, a multi-billion dollar industry, is a pervasive problem throughout the world. In addition to harming its victims, it imposes social and public health costs and undermines government authority. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 includes a provision for GAO to report on programs conducted by specific agencies, including State, USAID, and DOL, which address trafficking in persons. This report 1 describes recent international anti-trafficking in persons projects that key U.S. agencies have awarded to implementing partners 2 describes States Program to End Modern Slavery, and the extent to which State conducted oversight for subaward selection 3 describes agencies U.S. international antitrafficking project evaluation efforts, including actions agencies are taking to address challenges to such evaluations and 4 examines the extent to which agencies used selected midterm evaluations to strengthen ongoing projects, among other things. GAO reviewed agency policies, data, awards and other documents conducted a literature search and reviewed eight final evaluations and six midterm evaluations of antitrafficking projects funded by State, USAID, and DOL that were active at any point from fiscal years 2016 through 2018. GAO conducted fieldwork in the Philippines, which it selected to observe all three agencies anti-trafficking projects. GAO also interviewed agency officials and implementing partners.


Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]