Accession Number:

AD1149270

Title:

Environmental Factors Affecting Coastal and Estuarine Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV)

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Final Report]

Corporate Author:

Engineer Research and Development Center (U.S.)

Report Date:

2021-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

76

Abstract:

Submerged aquatic vegetation SAV growing in estuarine and coastal marine systems provides crucial ecosystem functions ranging from sediment stabilization to habitat and food for specific species. SAV systems, however, are sensitive to a number of environmental factors, both anthropogenic and natural. The most common limiting factors are light limitation, water quality, and salinity, as reported widely across the literature. These factors are controlled by a number of complex processes, however, varying greatly between systems and SAV populations. This report seeks to conduct an exhaustive examination of factors influencing estuarine and coastal marine SAV habitats and find the common threads that tie these ecosystems together. Studies relating SAV habitats in the United States to a variety of factors are reviewed here, including geomorphological and bathymetric characteristics, sediment dynamics, sedimentological characteristics, and water quality, as well as hydrologic regime and weather. Tools and methods used to assess each of these important factors are also reviewed. A better understanding of fundamental environmental factors that control SAV growth will provide crucial information for coastal restoration and engineering project planning in areas populated by SAVs.

Subject Categories:

  • Biological Oceanography
  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Ecology

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]