Application of a Radiation-Derived Temperature Index Model to the Willow Creek Watershed in Idaho, USA
[Technical Report, Final Report]
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH
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The ability to simulate snow accumulation and melting processes is fundamental to developing real-time hydrological models in watersheds with a snowmelt-dominated flow regime. A primary source of uncertainty with this model development approach is the subjectivity related to which historical periods to use and how to combine parameters from multiple calibration events. The Hydrologic Engineering Center, Hydrological Modeling System, has recently implemented a hybrid temperature index TI snow module that has not been extensively tested. This study evaluates a radiatative temperature index RTI models performance relative to the traditional air TI model. The TI model for Willow Creek performed reasonably well in both the calibration and validation years. The results of the RTI calibration and validation simulations resulted in additional questions related to how best to parameterize this snow model. An RTI parameter sensitivity analysis indicates that the choice of calibration years will have a substantial impact on the parameters and thus the streamflow results. Based on the analysis completed in this study, further refinement and verification of the RTI model calculations are required before an objective comparison with the TI model can be completed.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology