Norway: Coast Report. Part 2 - The Coast, Ports, and Coast Defenses. Section 1 - Kristiania Fjord, June 1917
[Technical Report, Technical Report]
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
Pagination or Media Count:
From its principal entrance between Little Faerder and Torbiornskier, Kristiania fjord extends nearly due N. for 55 miles to Kristiania, the capital of Norway. Varying in breadth from 13 miles at the entrance to two-thirds of a mile at Drobak, the fjord is deep throughout in the main channel, and, on the whole, free from dangers. The shores are mountainous. The rounded islands and hills covered with fir and pine trees which characterise the scenery in the lower reaches, give place to steeper declivities northward of Drobak, and bolder bills in the background. , Ice abounds during the winter months the more important channels are kept open byice-breakers. Railway lines skirt both shores from the mouth of the fjord to Kristiania. A number of towns are situated on the shores of the fjord and its numerous tributary fjords and inlets, which branch in all directions from the main channel. All the small islands at the entrance to the fjord are connected by telephone. The channel of approach to Kristiania is defended by the Drobak fortifications, which are described in detail on pages 13 to 18.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics