Accession Number:



World War I

Descriptive Note:

[Technical Report, Other]

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World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to 1919. The Allies on one side and the Central Powers on the other fought the war. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers or involved so many in the field of battle. By its end, the war had become the second bloodiest conflict in recorded history. What interested me about WWI was that trench warfare was very brutal and the use of the shotgun, machinegun, and many other weapons such as chemical weapons were commonly used during this period. I also felt that during this time in history many Soldiers gave their lives to save others, so I wanted to recognize one Soldier, Corporal Freddie Stowers, the first black Soldier to receive the Medal of Honor for his gallant action during WWI. After the first few months of World War I WWI, the Western Front consisted of a relative static line of trench systems that stretched from the coast of the North Sea southwards to the Swiss border. To try to break through the opposing lines of trenches and barbed wire entanglements, both sides employed huge artillery bombardments followed by attacks by tens of thousands of soldiers. Battles could last for months and lead to casualties measured in hundreds of thousands for attacker and defender alike. After most of these attacks, only a short section of the front would have moved and only by a kilometre or two Duffy 2004. Trench warfare is a form of war in which both opposing armies have static lines of fortifications dug into the ground, facing each other. Trench warfare arose when there was a revolution in firepower without similar advances in mobility and communications. Periods of trench warfare occurred during the American Civil War 1860s and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, and reached peak brutality and bloodshed on the Western Front in the First World War.

Subject Categories:

  • Humanities and History
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]