Gut Microbiota-targeted Interventions for Reducing the Incidence, Duration, and Severity of Respiratory Tract Infections in Healthy Non-elderly Adults
Journal Article - Open Access
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA NATICK United States
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Respiratory tract infections RTI, such as those caused by influenza viruses and, more recently, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, pose a significant burden to military health care systems and force readiness. The gut microbiota influences immune function, is malleable, and may provide a target for interventions aiming to reduce RTI burden. This narrative review summarizes existing evidence regarding the effectiveness of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics, all of which are gut microbiota-targeted interventions, for reducing the burden of RTI in military-relevant populations i.e., healthy non-elderly adults.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research