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Performance Assessment of Broadband Impulsive Noise Jammers

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[Technical Report, Technical Paper]

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A noise jammer raises the noise level observed by a threat sonar to degrade the sonars detection performance. In this paper we assess the potential for a specific noise jammer waveform used to countermeasure low frequency active sonars. This waveform is a long duration train of broadband acoustic impulses, each of which has significant low frequency energy. We describe the performance of the impulsive countermeasure on a typical active system processor implementation by comparing experimentally determined receiver operator characteristic curves for the sonar processor with and without jammer energy present. Performance was also determined as a function of pulse intervals. The pulse sequence time series input was synthesized from measurements of high intensity impulses transmitted from a range of approximately 35 Nm in a nominal half-channel environment. Required density functions were obtained from a Monte Carlo simulation involving 100,000 iterations of signal, jammer pulses and noise input. The time average power required for the pulse waveform to achieve a specified detection system degradation was found to be 9 dB more than that of a continuous gaussian noise waveform.

Subject Categories:

  • Acoustic Countermeasures
  • Underwater and Marine Navigation and Guidance

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[A, Approved For Public Release]