Toxicology Assessment for Green, Improved Process to Load Primers ETAP Work Unit ALR 14 02
Technical Report,01 Oct 2014,31 May 2018
Army Public Health Center Aberdeen Proving Ground United States
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The RDECOM ETAP program is dedicated to finding replacements for compounds and formulations within the Army system that pose a hazard to human health and the environment. This Toxicology Assessment addresses a new DBX-1 formulation for primer caps that not only replaces the lead-based primary explosives, but may be applied in anautomated fashion, replacing the manual methods currently being employed for filling primer caps and significantly reducing worker exposure and hazard. This formulation is based upon DBX-1 and tetrazene, and assessed to be largely benign, although some data gaps remain. Some additional testing should be carried out, but this formulation represents a great improvement in human health and environmental effects when compared with the current lead-based primer formulations.