A Reputation System for Uncertain Assertions
MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA BEDFORD United States
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We investigate reputation systems that rate the performance of analysts who make uncertain assertions claims accompanied by estimated probabilities. Accuracy metrics based on the fraction correct are fair only if all analysts handle identical or statistically similar cases. Furthermore, accuracy metrics discourage analysts from offering predictions on difficult-to-predict events. Because of these difficulties, we develop a class of performance scoring functions that are maximized when the analyst provides accurate probabilities, especially when these probabilities differ from the norm. Under these metrics, the disincentives to forecast low-probability events is removed and analysts are rated fairly, independent of the base event probabilities of the cases they consider. Reputation systems built around these metrics can support productivity management and increase manipulation resistance when information providers are not trustworthy. An application to citizen event reporting is presented.
- Administration and Management
- Statistics and Probability