Hyperspectral Imagery and LiDAR for Geological Analysis of Cuprite, Nevada
MITRE CORP MCLEAN VA MCLEAN
Pagination or Media Count:
Fusion of Light Detection and Ranging LiDAR and Hyperspectral Imagery HSI products is useful for geological analysis, particularly for visualization of geomorphology and hydrology. In early 2007, coincident hyperspectral imagery and LiDAR were acquired over Cuprite, Nevada. The data were analyzed with ENVI and the ENVI LiDAR Toolkit. Results of the analysis of these data suggest, for some surfaces, a correlation between mineral content and surface roughness. However, the LiDAR resolution tilde1 meter ground sampling distance is likely too coarse to extract surface texture properties of clay minerals in some of the alluvial fans captured in the imagery. Though not demonstrated in this particular experiment but a goal of the research, the relation between surface roughness and mineral composition may provide valuable information about the mechanical properties of the surface coverin addition to generating another variable useful for material characterization, image classification, and scene segmentation. Future mission planning should include consideration of determining optimal ground sampling to be used by LiDAR and HSI systems. The fusion of LiDAR elevation data and multi- and hyperspectral classification results is, in and of itself, a valuable tool for imagery analysis and should be explored further.
- Optical Detection and Detectors
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy