Accession Number:



Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense Issues for Congress

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[Technical Report, Congressional Report]

Corporate Author:

Congressional Research SVC

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Many observers have concluded that the post-Cold War era of international relations which began in the early 1990s and is sometimes referred to as the unipolar moment with the United States as the unipolar powerbegan to fade in 2006-2008, and that by 2014, the international environment had shifted to a fundamentally different situation of renewed great power competition with China and Russia and challenges by these two countries and others to elements of the U.S.-led international order that has operated since World War II. The shift to renewed great power competition was acknowledged alongside other considerations in the Obama Administrations June 2015 National Military Strategy, and was placed at the center of the Trump Administrations December 2017 National Security Strategy NSS and January 2018 National Defense Strategy NDS. The December 2017 NSS and January 2018 NDS formally reoriented U.S. national security strategy and U.S. defense strategy toward an explicit primary focus on great power competition with China and Russia. Department of Defense DOD officials have subsequently identified countering Chinas military capabilities as DODs top priority

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

[A, Approved For Public Release]