Military Equipment: Observations on the Transfer of Excess Humvees to Foreign Governments
United States Government Accountability Office Washington United States
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Excess High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles HMMWVcommonly pronounced Humveesare among thousands of items that the Department of Defense DOD can transfer to foreign governments at their request through the Excess Defense Articles EDA program. Twenty-three countries, primarily from the Middle East and Africa, requested 16,005 Humvees for the 7-year period GAO reviewed. DOD approves such requests if it determines excess U.S. inventory is available at the time of the request, the request aligns with U.S. foreign policy objectives, such as using the vehicles to help combat terrorism, and the U.S. industrial base will not be adversely affected by the transfer. For example, DOD approved a countrys request for excess Humvees for border security, counter-smuggling, and counter-terrorism efforts. DOD approved nearly half of the total Humvees requested for fiscal years 2012 through 2018. However, DOD has halted further approvals since the start of fiscal year 2017 due to concerns expressed by the Humvee manufacturer and language in the FY 2018 National Defense Authorization Act 2018 NDAA and conference report that generally says Humvees must be modernized at no cost to DOD.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies