Accession Number:

AD1105071

Title:

Nanoscale Atomic Density Microscopy

Descriptive Note:

Journal Article - Open Access

Corporate Author:

University of Maryland College Park United States

Report Date:

2019-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

10.0

Abstract:

Quantum simulations with ultracold atoms typically create atomic wave functions with structures at optical length scales, where direct imaging suffers from the diffraction limit. In analogy to advances in optical microscopy for biological applications, we use a nonlinear atomic response to surpass the diffraction limit. Exploiting quantum interference, we demonstrate imaging with superresolution of 50 and excellent temporal resolution of 500 ns. We characterize our microscopes performance by measuring the ensemble-averaged probability density of atoms within the unit cells of an optical lattice and observe the dynamics of atoms excited into motion. This approach can be readily applied to image any atomic or molecular system, as long as it hosts a three-level system

Subject Categories:

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
  • Optics
  • Quantum Theory and Relativity

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE