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The Use of Force in the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Technical Report,01 Aug 2018,14 Jun 2019

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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This work intends to analyze the reasons for the deployment of the so-called Force Intervention Brigade FIB in the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC, in 2013, as well as its contributions to the peace process. The FIB is the first U.N. force in history authorized to carry out offensive operations to neutralize groups considered threats to peace processes. The focus of the analysis is why the United Nations decided to increase the use of force in DRC considering the background of failed attempts to use force by peacekeepers in the DRC, since 1960. The study is going to be accomplished by describing the foundations of the use of force in the DRC to the analytical questions that were established in order to frame the two screening criteria utility of force and policy. The analysis is going to be based on the deterrence theory and some assumptions of the English School of international relations theory. Regarding peacekeeping, deterrence helps prevent conflicts from spilling over into noncombatant areas, thus reducing and limiting violence. In the classic English School, the international system is perceived as a society where members consent to common rules to avoid chaos. These rules are expressed in a set of institutions such as international law, diplomacy, the great powers, balance of power and war.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
  • Government and Political Science

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