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The Nature of the Boko Haram Security Crisis in the Lake Chad Basin

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Technical Report,01 Aug 2018,14 Jun 2019

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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Boko Haram, a religious extremist organization opposed to western influences in the Nigerian society was created in 2002 in Bornu state by Mohammed Yusuf an extremist Muslim preacher. Due to an inappropriate management of this religious issue, the organization gained importance and rapidly came to control large territories in the North east of Nigeria, with active presence on Chadian, Cameroonian and Nigerien bordering regions. After almost a decade of fights, Boko Haram is still able to attack military bases, civilian populations and public services. The insecurity climate is real, despite important military efforts from these countries and partners. Therefore, the regional and national strategies implemented so far need to be assessed. The identification of the nature of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region is the first step. This study has revealed Boko Haram is an insurgency in Nigeria, but is a security crisis that did not turned into an insurgency in Cameroon, Niger and Chad This difference on the nature of threats induces a difference of approaches at the national and at the regional levels.

Subject Categories:

  • Unconventional Warfare

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