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Russian Influence is Slowing Down the Integration of Western Balkan Countries in the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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Technical Report,13 Aug 2018,14 Jun 2019

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US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

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Dissolution of Yugoslavia inspired the progression of Russian influence in the western Balkans. Russian influence in this region has affected politics, the economy, security, and beyond. Accordingly, by preventing Western Balkans integration into the Euro Atlantic organizations, it limits Western expansion in this region. This research focuses on Russian influence in five Western Balkan States, Bosnia and Herzegovina B and H, Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia, and Montenegro. The purpose of this thesis is to identify Russian influence in the Western Balkans, to analyze it from different perspectives, and recommend how to minimize it. The current approach of the EU and NATO to counter Russian influence is too passive and must be more aggressive to mitigate Russian influence. Russian presence in this area, especially in Serbia, is noticeable in ethnic and religious relations, and is used as a foothold to influence the area. To mitigate the Russian influence, countries should join the Euro Atlantic family. Accordingly, to join either EU or NATO, each country should focus on specific criteria that will create socioeconomic prosperity, safety, and stability of the region.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

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