Splitting the Check: Military Cost and Burden-Sharing in the U.S.-Japan Alliance
NAVAL WAR COLLEGE NEWPORT RI NEWPORT United States
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The U.S-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace and security in the Indo-Pacific region. In November 2019, the Trump administration presented Japan with a demand for a 300 increase in cost-sharing to fund the continued presence of U.S. forces in Japan. This paper examines the genesis of the cost-sharing agreements between the U.S. and Japan and advocates for the enlargement of the aperture of consideration for the value of the alliance using a combined cost sharing and burden-sharing mindset. Also discussed is how the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNATO and Republic of Korea ROK cost and burden-sharing issues affect the analysis of Japanese contributions to the U.S.-Japan alliance. Finally, this paper looks at domestic political constraints and restraints in both the U.S. and Japan that influence how leaders approach cost and burden-sharing in arguably the most strategically important area in the world.
- Government and Political Science