Pilot Cueing for 360 Obstacle Awareness During DVE Missions
Technical Report,01 Mar 2019,01 Sep 2019
ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL FORT RUCKER United States
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A study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a trimodal display suite designed to aid pilots in detecting and avoiding obstacles during flight in degraded visual environment DVE conditions. The display suite integrated visual, spatial-auditory, and tactile display elements which consist of the Integrated Cueing Environment-Collision Avoidance Symbology ICE-CAS blended with the Primary Flight Display PFD symbology, the Integrated Collision Avoidance Display ICAD overlaying a panel-mounted display PMD, the Augmented-Reality Spatial Auditory Display ARSAD, and the Tactile Situational Awareness System TSAS. The visual ICE-CAS symbology was displayed on either a helmet mounted display HMD or PMD. Ten total pilots participated in the study to evaluate the effectiveness of the cueing types while performing several operational flight tasks in a UH-60 Black Hawk simulator. To assess the effectiveness of the cueing types, objective measures including flight performance metrics and pilot biometric responses, as well as subjective measures including pilot ratings for workload, situational awareness, and system usability were collected. Eye tracking and pupillometry data were also collected as additional workload and usability measures. Results from the study suggest additional cueing leads to favorable performance increases and reduced workload, but no firm conclusions could be made.
- Military Aircraft Operations