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Perovskite Nickelates as Bio-Electronic Interfaces

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Journal Article - Open Access

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Purdue University West Lafayette United States

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Functional interfaces between electronics and biological matter are essential to diverse fields including health sciences and bio-engineering. Here, we report the discovery of spontaneousno external energy input hydrogen transfer from biological glucose reactions into SmNiO3,an archetypal perovskite quantum material. The enzymatic oxidation of glucose is monitored down to tilde5 10exp-16 M concentration via hydrogen transfer to the nickelate lattice. The hydrogen atoms donate electrons to the Ni d orbital and induce electron localization through strong electron correlations. By enzyme specific modification, spontaneous transfer of hydrogen from the neurotransmitter dopamine can be monitored in physiological media. We then directly interface an acute mouse brain slice onto the nickelate devices and demonstrate measurement of neurotransmitter release upon electrical stimulation of the striatum region. These results open up avenues for use of emergent physics present in quantum materials in trace detection and conveyance of bio-matter, bio-chemical sciences, and brain-machine interfaces.

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  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

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