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Three-Way Power Dynamics in the Arctic

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Journal Article - Open Access

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Air University Maxwell AFB United States

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The Arctic is an emerging region of great significance to US-China-Russia great power competition. This is due to the concentration of natural resources in the Arctic, as well as its future use as a transportation corridor between the Pacific and Atlantic. Russias dominant position inthe Arctic complicates the US-China dyad. While most high-level US security strategies and discourse identify the return of great power competition as the dominant current security paradigm, China and Russia are generally treated in isolation from each other. However, when it comes to the Arctic, China-Russia cooperation is a crucial factor to consider when formulating US strategy. This article places Chinese ambitions in the Arctic in the context of Chinese grand strategy and assesses the basis of, and prospects for, Chinese-Russian Arctic cooperation. It also advances a three-track framework for understanding Chinese-Russian cooperation in the Arcticeconomic, military, and politicalin which issues of control and trust are contested.

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  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science

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