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An Immunologically Modified Nanosystem Based on Noncovalent Binding Between Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Glycated Chitosan

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Journal Article - Open Access

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Naval Resarch Laboratory Washington

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Functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes are currently being explored as novel delivery vehicles for proteins and therapeutic agents to treat various diseases. In order to maximize treatment efficacy, a strong binding between single-walled carbon nanotubes and their functionalized molecules is necessary. Glycated chitosan, a polymer with potent immunostimulatory properties for cancer treatment, has been used as a surfactant of single-walled carbon nanotubes to form an immunologically modified nanosystem for biomedical applications. In this study, we investigated the binding characteristics of single-walled carbon nanotube and glycated chitosan using molecular dynamics simulations. The mean square displacement, radius of gyration, interaction energy, and radial distribution function of the single-walled carbon nanotube-glycated chitosan system were analyzed. The results from the simulations demonstrated that glycated chitosan was bound to single-walled carbon nanotubes by a strong, noncovalent interaction. The stability of glycated chitosan on the single-walled carbon nanotubes surface was enhanced by the length of glycated chitosan, and the binding energy of the 2 molecules was closely related to the diameter and chirality of single-walled carbon nanotubes, with the most stable single-walled carbon nanotube-glycated chitosan system being formed by the combination of long polymer, large single-walled carbon nanotube, and armchair single-walled carbon nanotube. The understanding of the interactions between single-walled carbon nanotube and glycated chitosan and the structure of single-walled carbon nanotube-glycated chitosan allows the modifications of the novel nanosystem for disease diagnostics and therapeutics.

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  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Biochemistry

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