Nuclear Nonproliferation: Further Actions Needed by U.S. Agencies to Secure Vulnerable Nuclear and Radiological Materials
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON DC United States
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In 2009, President Obama announced an international initiative to secure all vulnerable nuclear material worldwide within 4 years. Leaders of 47 nations endorsed this effort at the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit and will meet again in March 2012 to evaluate their work and set new goals for nuclear security. The United States has been a leader in promoting nuclear nonproliferation efforts worldwide. GAO has issued numerous reports on U.S. nonproliferation programs administered by several agencies, including the departments of Energy DOE, State, and Defense DOD and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission NRC. This testimony, which is based primarily on previously issued reports, discusses 1 the U.S. strategy to secure all vulnerable nuclear material within 4 years, 2 U.S. agencies ability to track and evaluate the security of U.S. nuclear materials transferred to foreign countries, 3 challenges coordinating federal nuclear nonproliferation efforts, and 4 preliminary observations regarding GAOs ongoing work on federal efforts to secure radiological sources in U.S. hospitals and medical facilities. To conduct its ongoing work, GAO visited 25 hospitals and medical facilities in 7 states and the District of Columbia. GAO is making no new recommendations, but continues to believe that implementation of the recommendations made in its recent reports complements and supports the administrations goal of securing vulnerable nuclear material in a timely fashion.
- Radioactivity, Radioactive Wastes and Fission Products
- Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics