Impact of Varying Lidar Measurement and Data Processing Techniques in Evaluating Cirrus Cloud and Aerosol Direct Radiative Effects
Journal Article - Open Access
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United States
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In the past 2 decades, ground-based lidar networks have drastically increased in scope and relevance, thanks primarily to the advent of lidar observations from space and their need for validation. Lidar observations of aerosol and cloud geometrical, optical and microphysical atmospheric properties are subsequently used to evaluate their direct radiative effects on climate. However, the retrievals are strongly dependent on the lidar instrument measurement technique and subsequent data processing methodologies. In this paper, we evaluate the discrepancies between the use of Raman and elastic lidar measurement techniques and corresponding data processing methods for two aerosol layers in the free troposphere and for two cirrus clouds with different optical depths. Results show that the different lidar techniques are responsible for discrepancies in the model-derived direct radiative effects for biomass burning 0.05 W m-2 at surface and 0.007 W m-2 at top of the atmosphere and dust aerosol layers 0.7 W m-2 at surface and 0.85 W m-2 at top of the atmosphere.
- Optical Detection and Detectors