The Effect of Passive and Active Boundary-Layer Fences on Delta Wing Performance at Low Reynolds Number
Technical Report,01 Sep 2018,26 Mar 2020
AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB United States
Pagination or Media Count:
The effect of passive and active boundary-layer fences BLFs on performance is evaluated on a NACA 0012 delta wing croot 14in, ctip 2.8in, 45deg, b 23.5in at a Reynolds number Re of 5.0 x 105 based on the root chord. The performance improvements of a passive BLF are replicated and improved upon using an active flow control AFC fluidic fence created by a wall-normal steady-blowing jet from a slot. The application of a passive BLF at a spanwise location of 70 zb resulted in an 8.7 increase in CLmax compared to the baseline, with no destabilizing pitch moment characteristics and no significant change in angle of attack where stall occurs. The application of an AFC slot operating from C 0.49 to 12.22 resulted in an increase in CLmax ranging from a 9.7 to 60.3 respectively and no destabilizing pitchmoment characteristics. The blowing configuration C micro 0.49 resulted in an early onset stall of -2.4, while the configurations operating from C micro 1.95 to 12.22 resulted in a delay of stall between 0.7 to 8.0 angle of attack respectively. This replication will allow for significant performance benefits at higher angles of attack with AFC turned on, while still allowing for efficient performance at lower angles of attack with AFC turned off. Aerodynamic performance was assessed by comparing global forces lift, drag, and pitching moment measured via a six-component load cell. Surface flow visualization was assessed with long exposure photos of fluorescent tufts under a black light. Overall, active flow control in the form of steady, slotted blowing is shown not only to replicate, but also to improve upon the performance gains of a passive BLF.
- Fluid Mechanics