Survival Through Adaptation: The Chinese Red Army and the Extermination Campaigns, 1927-1936
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS FORT LEAVENWORTH United States
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This study analyzes the Chinese Red Army from 1927 to 1936 to determine how the Red Army survived attacks from external military forces and also successfully overcame the threats to its existence posed by changing Chinese Communist Party CCP policies. During this period, the CCP attempted to develop, expand, and professionalize the Chinese Red Army as a way to defend Communist base areas from a series of Kuomingtang KMT Extermination Campaigns. Also during these years, changes in the CCP leadership often placed the Red Army in dangerous situations by underestimating the KMT military threat and overestimating Red Army capabilities. This re-examination of the origin and development of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army looks at the Chinese Red Armys strategy, tactics, organization, and training and identifies four themes that helped it adapt and survive a pragmatic strategy focused on long-term success creating local populace support through adaptation strong soldier recruiting, training, and retention and a comprehensive officer development system.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics