Environmental Fate of Fentanyl in Soil and Relevant Waters
Technical Report,01 Nov 2015,30 Nov 2016
Combat Capabilities Development Command Chemical Biological Center Aberdeen Proving Ground United States
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The objectives of this work were to assess the stability and persistence of fentanyl in four soil types and four different water sources and to determine the distribution of fentanyl when it is in contact with soil and water. Soil samples in contact with 0.01 M calcium chloride were spiked with a known amount of fentanyl solution and then were extracted after several contact time periods to track compound recovery and distribution. The water samples were spiked with a known amount of fentanyl, and aliquots were taken for analysis at different time periods. The results showed that the amount of fentanyl recovered from soil extracts accounted for 2050 of the spike. Fentanyl was fully recovered from water samples for at least 7 weeks. These results indicate that fentanyl is relatively stable in water and moist soils. The current data also suggest that fentanyl is immobile in the environment.
- Environmental Health and Safety