Multi-Spectral Quantum Cascade Lasers on Silicon with Integrated Multiplexers
Journal Article - Open Access
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC WASHINGTON United States
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Multi-spectral midwave-infrared mid-IR lasers are demonstrated by directly bonding quantum cascade epitaxial gain layers to silicon-on-insulator SOI waveguides with arrayed waveguide grating AWG multiplexers. Arrays of distributed feedback DFB and distributed Bragg-reflection DBR quantum cascade lasers QCLs emitting at similar to 4.7 mu m wavelength are coupled to AWGs on the same chip. Low-loss spectral beam combining allows for brightness scaling by coupling the light generated by multiple input QCLs into the fundamental mode of a single output waveguide. Promising results are demonstrated and further improvements are in progress. This device can lead to compact and sensitive chemical detection systems using absorption spectroscopy across a broad spectral range in the mid-IR as well as a high-brightness multi-spectral source for power scaling.
- Lasers and Masers