Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Performance Reporting and Related Challenges
U. S. Government Accountability Office Washington United States
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In July 2014, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act WIOA, Pub. L. No. 113-128, brought changes to the programs that create a foundation for the nations employment and job training system. WIOA requires that the Department of Labor DOL and the Department of Education Education collaborate to implement a common performance accountability system for six core programs, which the agencies note is an historic opportunity to align definitions, streamline performance indicators, and integrate reporting across programs. These core programs, which DOL and Education administer through grants to state agencies, are Title I Adult, Title I Dislocated Worker, Title I Youth, Wagner-Peyser Employment Services, Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, and State Vocational Rehabilitation Services VR programs.1 WIOA establishes six performance indicators on which states must report for the core programs, such as those related to employment status, earnings, and skills gains in education or training programs, starting in July 2016.2 This represents a noticeable change from the prior law, the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 WIA, under which performance indicators varied considerably across several of the core programs.3 However, under WIA, all of the six programs have already been reporting on performance related to employment and most have been reporting on performance related to earnings. Section 505 of WIOA includes a provision for GAO to issue an interim and final report on federal and state databases and data exchange agreements containing job training information relevant to WIOA. 4 The law also specifies that GAO explore opportunities to enhance the quality of these data. This interim report focuses on the current state of performance reporting for the core programs and the data systems and exchange agreements in place at the federal level.
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